What are Holland Codes?
The Holland Codes, developed by psychologist John L. Holland, are based on the theory that career and occupational choice can be improved by taking into account a person’s personality traits. According to Holland, people are one of six personality types: realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising and conventional, and there six matching types of work environments. He found that people with the same personality types work well together, and people who work in environments that match their personality type are more likely to be successful and satisfied.
Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs, and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Enterprising occupations frequently involve starting up and carrying out projects. These occupations can involve leading people and making many decisions. Sometimes they require risk taking and often deal with business.
Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually, there is a clear line of authority to follow.